It comprises preschool, primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Schools and all the education system is under the supervision of the Ministry of National Education. Higher education falls under the delegation of the Ministry of Higher Education and Executive training. Roundabout 57% of young people are enrolled in secondary education, while only 10% are in higher education. The Government has launched many policies that will improve the literacy rate and improve the quality of education; some international organisations like UNICEF and the world bank are also supporting the government.
Historical view of Schooling:
The importance of schooling was deep-rooted in the Moroccan public at the beginning of the twentieth century before the arrival of the French. The city already had a strong network of typical primary and secondary education schools, which were then called Madras. The Mosque was the preschool in which children were sent at the age of five so that they can be taken care of. These Mosque and Madrasa were based on the Arabic Islamic education system, which had all its teachings from Islam, which was the religion of the people living in Casablanca. Before the French invasion, there was no concept of French teachings in the city, but after the French and Moroccan treaty, the French education system was fully involved. This involvement of the French education system totally changed the political, social, and economic interests of the young generation. With the passage of time, it was mandatory to build up the sources that will help out the Government to take care of the needs of the education system.
Disadvantages of French invasion:
Children were sent for vocational training.
Girls were sent to the systems where they can learn embroidery and carpeting while boys were diverted to the other side of agricultural education, arts and crafts, and other manual professions like carpentry or metal works.
French colonists did not treat all of the population living in Casablanca equally, and it can be seen by the heterogeneous education system they had introduced on the basis of race, color, social class, and creed.
As a result of the unfair and unequal segregation which resulted in the formation of four types of schools
The french school was for the children of the French people treated on a priority basis, Israeli school was reserved for the Jews while the Moroccan schools were for the separate for the landlords and the other type of school was for the low levels, i.e., which were poor in social status.
French Berber colleges were established for the specific purpose of learning the Arabic language and Islam.
By this segregation system, only 14% of the Moroccans were able to educate themselves while the literacy rate in French was at cent percent.
School wastage at primary and secondary levels:
In 2013 Morocco reached the schooling rate of 64 % in five age groups, as 99.7 % for 6 to 11 years, 86 % for 12 to 15 years, and only 59% in 16 to 19 age groups, which shows that the schooling rate is getting lower and lower as the age increases. With the participation of local as well as International NGOs today, Morocco has made major progress in schooling rate round about 98%.
This is just because that the Ministry of education has raised the budget from two billion Dirham to 4.1 billion Dirham in 2004, after which again in 2012 the budget rose from 4.1 billion Dirham to 6 Billion Dirham. All of this increase was to give as much attention towards education as they can.
Students Shuffling Initiatives:
In order to prevent the dropouts, the Charter introduced another method of teaching the different classes of the students, which gives the direction for a better future. It implies that 12 years old must stay in the school system while the teenagers having an age between 12 to 16
are shifted towards vocational training, and the ones having age above than 17 are directed towards the professional activities which are productive. This step of the Charter makes it easy for the students to redirect their motives towards their own will for a better future. Teachers here are advised to judge the students on the basis of their capabilities and to motivate them accordingly.
Private and Government Schools:
Most of the people in Casablanca prefer private schools over government schools because of many reasons, but the standard of teaching and the facilities provided by private schools is the basic point of priority. As private schools are highly advanced, having almost every possible equipment and facilities which are needed for the quality education system. Teachers in the private sector are highly qualified; their abilities to convey the message to their students make so much difference. By their quality of communication, students can understand much better while on the other side, i.e., in the government schools, and the case is totally opposite. Teachers do not give as much attention towards their duties as they should, due to which the students are less motivated towards their future and are deviated from the norms. In government schools, students do not have the latest lab types of equipment that can help them in better understanding.
So, in short, the education system in Casablanca is not up to the mark till now. Just because the government is not successful in the management of the education system, though the federal government is allotting as much funds for the better establishment. Due to some reasons, the education system is not up to the mark, the government of the city is trying hard to take it to a higher level. But that will take some time as it’s a very time-consuming process, and a lot of hard work is required. Soon in the near future roundabout 2025, a better education system is about to come so that the youth can be entertained as the future of the country relies on them.